|The JIT presented evidence on 28 September showing the path of the Buk missile that downed MH17 from Russia into Ukraine. Source: PA Photos|
Russia supplied the 9M38 Buk (SA-11 'Gadfly') missile that shot down airliner MH17 over eastern Ukraine killing 298 people, the international criminal investigation into the incident has stated.
The Joint Investigation Team (JIT) presented its findings identifying the launch location and weapon used on 28 September. Its findings were categorical: "The JIT concludes that flight MH17 was shot down on 17 July 2014 by a missile of the 9M38 series, launched by a Buk TELAR [transporter erector launcher and radar], from farmland in the vicinity of Pervomaiskiy. At that time, the area was controlled by pro-Russian fighters.
"Furthermore, the investigation also shows that the Buk TELAR was brought in from the territory of the Russian Federation and subsequently, after having shot down flight MH17, was taken back to the Russian Federation."
The JIT investigation follows a report by the Dutch Safety Board (DSB) in late 2015 that identified the detonation of a 9N314M warhead from a Buk as being the cause of the crash of MH17. Unlike the DSB, the JIT is tasked with bringing those responsible to justice. To this end the JIT notes that "conclusions based on probability will not suffice", adding "the evidence must stand before a court".
In collating its report, the JIT assessed 150,000 phone conversations in the region, triangulated the location of phone calls, examined radar data, conducted interviews with eyewitnesses, examined locations on the ground, disassembled several different types of Buk missile, performed an arena detonation of a Buk missile, and examined video and imagery taken on the ground and by satellites. Off the back of this the JIT notes, "We are confident that the evidence which we have collected removes any kind of doubt about the cause of the crash."
Source: Jane's Defense.